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Carbohydr Polym. 2014 Jan;99:454-61. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2013.08.031. Epub 2013 Aug 23.

Levan production by Zymomonas mobilis in batch and continuous fermentation systems.

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Ege University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Food Engineering, 35100 Bornova, İzmir, Turkey. Electronic address:


Levan production in batch and continuous fermentation systems by Zymomonas mobilis B-14023 was investigated. The culture medium used in both of the fermentation systems contained sucrose and various organic nitrogen sources. Maximum concentration of levan was produced with yeast extract among the nitrogen sources tested. Response surface methodology was used to investigate the effects of three factors on the concentration of levan in batch cultures of Z. mobilis. Maximum levan concentration was 40.2 g/L and this concentration was reached at the optimum levels of process variables, which were 299.1 g/L initial substrate concentration, 42.3 h incubation time, and initial pH 6.0. Continuous fermentation experiments were done in packed bed bioreactor using Ca-alginate immobilized Z. mobilis cells. The highest levan concentration (31.8 ± 0.21 g/L) was obtained at a dilution rate of 0.14 h(-1) while maximum volumetric productivity (6.556 g/(Lh)) was obtained at a dilution rate of 0.22 h(-1). Increasing the dilution rate resulted in decreased levan and increased residual sugar concentrations.


Calcium alginate; Immobilization; Levan; Polysaccharide; Response surface methodology; Z. mobilis

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