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Drug Discov Today Dis Models. 2013 Spring;10(1). doi: 10.1016/j.ddmod.2013.05.001.

Changing the Scale and Efficiency of Chemical Warfare Countermeasure Discovery Using the Zebrafish.

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1
Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts General Hospital, Brigham and Women's Hospital.

Abstract

As the scope of potential chemical warfare agents grows rapidly and as the diversity of potential threat scenarios expands with non-state actors, so a need for innovative approaches to countermeasure development has emerged. In the last few years, the utility of the zebrafish as a model organism that is amenable to high-throughput screening has become apparent and this system has been applied to the unbiased discovery of chemical warfare countermeasures. This review summarizes the in vivo screening approach that has been pioneered in the countermeasure discovery arena, and highlights the successes to date as well as the potential challenges in moving the field forward. Importantly, the establishment of a zebrafish platform for countermeasure discovery would offer a rapid response system for the development of antidotes to the continuous stream of new potential chemical warfare agents.

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