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Exp Cell Res. 1986 Sep;166(1):77-93.

Characterization of the nucleolar protein, B-36, using monoclonal antibodies.


A panel of nine monoclonal antibodies has been produced against a major nuclear protein, B-36, purified from the slime mold Physarum polycephalum. B-36, a 34 kD protein biochemically similar to the major structural proteins of mammalian hnRNP particles, was previously shown to be largely associated with the nucleolus. Eight of the monoclonal antibodies are specific for B-36 protein in Physarum and at least three different epitopes are represented among these eight. Using the monoclonal antibodies B-36 has been shown to be localized exclusively to the nucleolus in actively-growing Physarum cultures. The nucleolar localization of B-36 is dependent on the presence of intact RNA, but not DNA, supporting the hypothesis that B-36 is associated with nucleolar RNA, possibly in some analogous manner to the interaction of the related proteins within heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins (hnRNP) particles. B-36 is apparently a highly conserved nucleolar protein in eukaryotes as all eight of the monoclonal antibodies specific for B-36 in Physarum are also specific for a 34.5 kD nucleolar protein in rat liver. This indicates that a minimum of three distinct epitopes are conserved in B-36 protein from slime mold to rat.

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