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J Health Psychol. 2015 Sep;20(9):1207-21. doi: 10.1177/1359105313509868. Epub 2013 Nov 21.

The stress-buffering effects of hope on changes in adjustment to caregiving in multiple sclerosis.

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The University of Queensland, Australia.
The University of Queensland, Australia


This study examined the direct and stress-buffering effects of global hope and its components (agency and pathways) on changes in adjustment to multiple sclerosis caregiving over 12 months. A total of 140 carers and their care-recipients completed questionnaires at Time 1 and 12 months later, Time 2. Focal predictors were stress, hope, agency and pathways, and the adjustment outcomes were anxiety, depression, positive affect, positive states of mind and life satisfaction. Results showed that as predicted, greater hope was associated with better adjustment after controlling for the effects of initial adjustment and caregiving and care-recipient illness variables. No stress-buffering effects of hope emerged. Regarding hope components, only the agency dimension emerged as a significant predictor of adjustment. Findings highlight hope as an important protective resource for coping with multiple sclerosis caregiving and underscore the role of agency thinking in this process.


adjustment; carers; coping; hope; multiple sclerosis; quality of life

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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