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Int J Mol Med. 2014 Jan;33(1):105-10. doi: 10.3892/ijmm.2013.1562. Epub 2013 Nov 21.

The effect of PS-341 on pulmonary vascular remodeling in high blood flow-induced pulmonary hypertension.

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Department of Pediatrics, The Second Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250033, P.R. China.


The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of PS-341 on vascular remodeling in an experimental rat model of high blood flow-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), as well as to elucidate its mechanisms of action. We established the PAH model by a surgical method that implanted a left-to-right shunt. Three days post-surgery, the animals were randomly assigned to 3 groups (n=15 in each group): sham-operated (control), shunt (model) and PS-341 (treated) groups. Eight weeks post-surgery, hemodynamic parameters were significantly improved in the PS-341 group compared with the shunt group (P<0.05). Immunohistochemical analysis indicated that the expression levels of ubiquitin and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) p65 were significantly higher in the shunt group compared with the sham-operated group (P<0.05). Semi-quantitative western blot analysis further confirmed that the levels of ubiquitin and NF-κB p65 were decreased, while those of IκB-α (an inhibitor of NF-κB) were significantly increased in the PS-341 group compared with the shunt group (P<0.05). In conclusion, PS-341 attenuates high blood flow-induced pulmonary artery remodeling in rats via inhibition of the NF-κB pathway.

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