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Seizure. 2014 Feb;23(2):135-9. doi: 10.1016/j.seizure.2013.10.011. Epub 2013 Nov 4.

Risk factors for remote seizure development in patients with cerebral vein and dural sinus thrombosis.

Author information

1
Isfahan Neurosciences Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran; Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2
Isfahan Neurosciences Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran; Isfahan Physiology Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
3
Isfahan Neurosciences Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran. Electronic address: mosaadatnia@yahoo.com.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We aimed to define the possible risk factors for acute and remote seizures in patients with cerebral vein and sinus thrombosis (CVST).

METHOD:

Ninety-four patients were recruited prospectively at Al-Zahra Hospital, Isfahan, Iran, between April 2007 and April 2012. To identify seizure predictors, we compared demographic, clinical and imaging factors between patients with or without acute and remote seizures.

RESULTS:

Of the 94 patients, 32 (34%) experienced at least one seizure after CVST development. Bivariate analysis showed a significant association of remote seizure with loss of consciousness at presentation (P=0.05, OR: 5.11, 95%CI: 1.07-24.30), supratentorial lesions (P=0.02, OR: 9.04, 95%CI: 1.04-78.55), lesions in the occipital lobe (P=0.00, OR: 12.75, 95%CI: 2.28-71.16), lesions in the temporal and parietal lobes, thrombophilia (P=0.03, OR: 5.87, 95%CI: 1.21-28.39), seizure in the acute phase (P=0.00, OR: 13.14, 95%CI: 2.54-201.2) and sigmoid sinus thrombosis (P=0.00, OR: 12.5, 95%CI: 2.23-69.79). Seizures in the acute phase were also more common in patients with paresis (P=0.00, OR: 4.88, 95%CI: 1.91-12.46), hemorrhagic lesions indicated by imaging (P=0.02, OR: 2.77, 95%CI: 1.08-7.10), supratentorial lesions, lesions in the frontal (P=0.01, OR: 3.81, 95%CI: 1.28-11.31) and parietal lobes (P=0.00, OR: 5.16, 95%CI: 2-13.29), thrombophilia and history of miscarriage (P=0.03, OR: 2.91, 95%CI: 1.07-7.91). No factor predicted acute or remote seizure in a multiple logistic regression analysis.

CONCLUSION:

Our results demonstrate that seizure development in the acute phase is the most significant factor for development of remote seizure. Parenchymal lesions in the supratentorial area were also found to be associated with both acute and remote seizures. However, no factor was predictive of acute or remote seizures in a multivariate analysis.

KEYWORDS:

AED; Acute seizure; Antiepileptic drugs; CVST; Cerebral vein and dural sinus thrombosis; Predictor; Remote seizure

PMID:
24268724
DOI:
10.1016/j.seizure.2013.10.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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