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Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract. 2013 Dec;29(3):657-71. doi: 10.1016/j.cveq.2013.09.002.

Sarcoids.

Author information

1
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of Agriculture, Box 7084, Uppsala 750 07, Sweden. Electronic address: Kerstin.Bergvall@slu.se.

Abstract

Sarcoids are the most common skin tumors seen in horses worldwide. The pathogenesis of sarcoids is multifactorial, including an association with bovine papillomavirus types 1 and 2 and a genetic susceptibility to tumor development. Clinical manifestations vary and include occult, verrucous, nodular, fibroblastic, mixed, and malignant (malevolent) types. The tumor is nonmetastasizing but can become very aggressive locally. Multiple tumors are common. All clinical types can be present in the same horse. No treatment protocol is universally effective. The tumor has a high risk of recurrence. Recurrent and large tumors are associated with poorer prognoses.

KEYWORDS:

Bovine papillomavirus type 1; Bovine papillomavirus type 2; Equine; Sarcoid; Skin tumor

PMID:
24267682
DOI:
10.1016/j.cveq.2013.09.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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