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J Med Chem. 2013 Dec 12;56(23):9737-55. doi: 10.1021/jm4014373. Epub 2013 Nov 22.

Novel S1P1 receptor agonists--part 1: From pyrazoles to thiophenes.

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Drug Discovery Chemistry, Actelion Pharmaceuticals Ltd. , Gewerbestrasse 16, Allschwil CH-4123, Switzerland.


From a high-throughput screening campaign aiming at the identification of novel S1P1 receptor agonists, the pyrazole derivative 2 emerged as a hit structure. Medicinal chemistry efforts focused not only on improving the potency of the compound but in particular also on resolving its inherent instability issue. This led to the discovery of novel bicyclo[3.1.0]hexane fused thiophene derivatives. Compounds with high affinity and selectivity for S1P1 efficiently reducing the blood lymphocyte count in the rat were identified. For instance, compound 85 showed EC50 values of 7 and 2880 nM on S1P1 and S1P3, respectively, had favorable pharmacokinetic properties in rat and dog, distributed well into brain tissue, and efficiently and dose dependently reduced the blood lymphocyte count in the rat. After oral administration to spontaneously hypertensive rats, the S1P1 selective compound 85 showed no effect on mean arterial blood pressure and affected the heart rate during the wake phase of the animals only.

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