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J Biomed Nanotechnol. 2013 Dec;9(12):1984-95.

Prevention of postsurgical cauterization-induced peritoneal adhesions by biodegradable and thermosensitive micelles.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, West China Medical School, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.

Abstract

Postsurgical peritoneal adhesion is a major concern in clinical practice which causes significant morbidity and mortality. In this study, we investigated the efficacy of biodegradable and injectable thermosensitive poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(epsilon-caprolactone)-poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG-PCL-PEG) micelles in preventing postsurgical cauterization-induced peritoneal adhesion. The biodegradable PEG-PCL-PEG copolymer could form nano-sized micelles in water, which instantly turned into a non-flowing gel at body temperature due to micellar aggregation. Moreover, a novel sidewall and cecum cauterization rat model was developed and the micelles were assigned for adhesion prevention tests. The PEG-PCL-PEG micelles could be administered by an ordinary syringe and provided unrestricted coverage of the cauterized peritoneum. The micelles instantly formed a gel in situ at body temperature and the formed gel could adhere to the cauterized sites as a durable barrier during critical time of adhesion formation. All rats from the control group (n = 10) developed score 5 adhesion, whereas, eight out of ten rats in the micelle-treated group showed no adhesion at all. Besides, cauterization-induced adhesion formation, adhesiveness and degradation of micelles, remesothelization of peritoneum, and restoration of cauterized tissue were investigated in detail. Our results thus indicated that, it was feasible to use biodegradable and injectable thermosensitive PEG-PCL-PEG micelles for prevention of peritoneal adhesions after surgery.

PMID:
24266254
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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