Send to

Choose Destination
Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2013 Dec;46(6):1009-22. doi: 10.1016/j.otc.2013.08.001. Epub 2013 Oct 8.

The modified barium swallow and the functional endoscopic evaluation of swallowing.

Author information

Departments of Speech-Language Pathology and Clinical Education, Swallowing Center, Marianjoy Rehabilitation Hospital, 26 West 171 Roosevelt Road, Wheaton, IL 60187, USA. Electronic address:


This article reviews the current standard of care for the instrumental evaluation of swallow function using the modified barium swallow (MBS) and the functional endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES). Both the MBS and FEES are valuable procedures for evaluating dysphagia and show good agreement with diagnostic findings as related to tracheal aspiration, laryngeal penetration, pharyngeal residue, diet level, and compensatory swallow safety strategies. The use of the MBS and FEES has advantages and disadvantages and both should be considered the gold standard for evaluating swallow function.


Deglutition; Dysphagia; Endoscopy; Fluoroscopy; Swallow

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center