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Food Chem. 2014 Apr 1;148:246-52. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.10.032. Epub 2013 Oct 19.

Cranberries (Oxycoccus quadripetalus) inhibit adipogenesis and lipogenesis in 3T3-L1 cells.

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Department of Biotechnology and Food Microbiology, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego 48 Str., 60-627 Poznan, Poland. Electronic address:


Cranberries (Oxycoccus quadripetalus) are a valuable source of bioactive substances with high antioxidant potential and well documented beneficial health properties. In the present study, the activity of cranberries, in terms of the inhibiting effects of adipogenesis, was investigated using the 3T3-L1 cell line. The obtained results showed that cranberries reduced proliferation and viability of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes in a dose-dependent manner. Treatment with cranberries decreased the number of adipocytes and reduced lipid accumulation in maturing 3T3-L1 preadipocytes, demonstrating an inhibitory effect on lipogenesis. Moreover, it was found that cranberries directly induced lipolysis in adipocytes and down-regulated the expression of major transcription factors of the adipogenesis pathway, such as PPARγ, C/EBPα and SREBP1. These findings indicate that cranberries are capable of suppressing adipogenesis and therefore they seem to be natural bioactive factors effective in adipose tissue mass modulation.


3T3-L1 cell line; Adipocyte differentiation; Anti-adipogenic activity; Cranberries; Lipogenesis; Lipolysis

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