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Gastroenterology. 2014 Mar;146(3):736-743.e1. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2013.11.007. Epub 2013 Nov 18.

Efficacy of nucleotide polymerase inhibitor sofosbuvir plus the NS5A inhibitor ledipasvir or the NS5B non-nucleoside inhibitor GS-9669 against HCV genotype 1 infection.

Author information

1
New Zealand Liver Transplant Unit, Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand. Electronic address: edgane@adhb.govt.nz.
2
Gastroenterology Department, Christchurch Hospital and University of Otago, Christchurch, New Zealand.
3
Gilead Sciences, Inc, Foster City, California.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

We evaluated an all-oral regimen comprising the nucleotide polymerase inhibitor sofosbuvir (SOF) with the NS5A inhibitor ledipasvir (LDV) or the NS5B non-nucleoside inhibitor GS-9669 in patients with genotype 1 hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection.

METHODS:

A total of 113 patients were enrolled. Sofosbuvir (400 mg once daily) and LDV (90 mg once daily) plus ribavirin (RBV) were given for 12 weeks to treatment-naïve (TN) patients (n = 25) and those who did not respond to previous therapy (prior null responders, n = 9). Sofosbuvir and GS-9669 (500 mg once daily) plus RBV were given for 12 weeks to TN patients (n = 25) and prior null responders (n = 10). Additionally, prior null responders with cirrhosis were randomly assigned to groups given a fixed-dose combination of SOF and LDV, with RBV (n = 9) or without RBV (n = 10). Finally, a group of TN patients received SOF, LDV, and RBV for 6 weeks (n = 25). The primary efficacy end point was sustained virologic response 12 weeks after therapy (SVR12).

RESULTS:

SVR12 was achieved by 25 of 25 (100%) TN patients receiving SOF, LDV, and RBV and 23 of 25 (92%) of those receiving SOF, GS-9669, and RBV. Of TN patients receiving 6 weeks of SOF, LDV, and RBV, 17 of 25 (68%) achieved SVR12. All noncirrhotic prior null responders receiving 12 weeks of SOF along with another direct-acting antiviral agent plus RBV achieved SVR12-9 of 9 (100%) of those receiving SOF, LDV, and RBV and 10 of 10 (100%) of those receiving SOF, GS-9669, and RBV. Among cirrhotic prior null responders, SVR12 was achieved by 9 (100%) of those receiving SOF, LDV, and RBV and 7 (70%) of those receiving SOF and LDVD without RBV. The most common reported adverse events were headache, fatigue, and nausea.

CONCLUSIONS:

The combination of SOF and a second direct-acting antiviral agent is highly effective in TN patients with HCV genotype 1 infection and in patients that did not respond to previous treatment. ClinicalTrials.gov ID NCT01260350.

KEYWORDS:

Clinical Trial; DAA; Drug; Liver Cirrhosis

PMID:
24262278
DOI:
10.1053/j.gastro.2013.11.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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