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J Thromb Haemost. 2014 Feb;12(2):255-60. doi: 10.1111/jth.12456.

ADAMTS13 modulates atherosclerotic plaque progression in mice via a VWF-dependent mechanism.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

ADAMTS13 reduces the adhesiveness of hyperactive ultra-large von Willebrand factor (ULVWF) multimers by cleaving them into smaller, less active multimers. Recently, we and others have demonstrated that ADAMTS13 reduces atherosclerosis in hypercholesteremic apolipoprotein E (ApoE-/-) deficient mice. It is not known whether ADAMTS13 modulates atherosclerosis directly or indirectly by cleaving ULVWF multimers.

OBJECTIVE:

We generated triple knockout Adamts13-/-/Vwf-/-/ApoE-/- mice to determine whether ADAMTS13 modulates atherosclerosis through its proteolytic effects on VWF or other potential mechanisms.

METHODS:

Female mice were fed a high-fat Western diet beginning at 6 weeks of age until they were sacrificed at 4 months. We compared the extent of atherosclerosis in the serial cross-sections of the aortic sinus using the Verhoeff-Van Gieson stain. Macrophage and neutrophil infiltration were quantified by immunohistochemistry. Under plain polarized light interstitial collagen content in the serial cross-sections of the aortic sinus was quantified using picrosirius red stain.

RESULTS:

Deficiency of VWF in Adamts13-/-/ApoE-/- mice (Adamts13-/-/Vwf-/-/ApoE-/-) completely reversed exacerbated atherosclerosis (P < 0.05 vs. Adamts13-/-/ApoE-/- mice). The lesion size, macrophage and neutrophil infiltration in the aortic sinus of Adamts13-/-/Vwf-/-/ApoE-/- mice were significantly decreased compared with Adamts13-/-/ApoE-/- mice (P < 0.05), but similar to Vwf-/-/ApoE-/- mice. Additionally, interstitial collagen content in the aortic sinus of Adamts13-/-/Vwf-/-/ApoE-/- mice was significantly reduced compared with Adamts13-/-/ApoE-/- mice (P < 0.05), but similar to Vwf-/-/ApoE-/- mice. Total cholesterol and triglyceride levels were similar among groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

ADAMTS13 modulates inflammatory plaque progression in hypercholesterolemic mice through a VWF-dependent mechanism. These findings provide further evidence on the pathophysiological role for the ADAMTS13/VWF axis in atherosclerosis.

KEYWORDS:

ADAMTS13 protein; atherosclerosis; inflammation; neutrophils; thrombosis; von Willebrand Factor

PMID:
24261607
DOI:
10.1111/jth.12456
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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