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Vopr Onkol. 2013;59(5):571-4.

[Conservative thermochemoradiation therapy of locally advanced laryngeal cancer].

[Article in Russian]

Abstract

Thermochemoradiation therapy was performed in 31 patients with laryngeal cancer (T3-4N0-3M0). Radiotherapy was performed in 2 stages 1+1 Gy (every 4-5 hours), 5 times a week to SOD 52-60 Gy with a 2-week break after SOD 30-32 Gy. Local hyperthermia was carried out two times a week before the second fraction in an amount of radiation therapy sessions 3-6. In the days of local hyperthermia second fraction of radiotherapy increased to 3 Gy. Courses of chemotherapy were combined with radiation therapy and local hyperthermia at the beginning of each stage of treatment. For the whole group a complete response of the primary tumor was diagnosed in 25 (80.6%) patients, partial - in 6 (19.3%). Of the 12 patients with N1-3 complete regression of metastases occurred in 5 (41.7%), partial - also in 5 (41.7%). Five-year overall survival was 88.2% T3N0, T4N1 in 3 - 62.1%. Local control of the primary tumor in these terms in the group T3 was detected in 88.2%, in the group T4 - 77.8%, regional control of metastases with N1-3 - 33.3%. Late swelling of the mucous membrane of the larynx developed in 4 (12.9%) patients, perichondritis - in 3 (9.7%). Thermochemoradiation therapy of locally advanced cancer of the larynx provides a fairly good results comparable with those of the combined treatment.

PMID:
24260882
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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