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PLoS One. 2013 Nov 18;8(11):e79782. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0079782. eCollection 2013.

Teicoplanin as an effective alternative to vancomycin for treatment of MRSA infection in Chinese population: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Molecular Epidemiology, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate whether teicoplanin could be an alternative to vancomycin for treatment of MRSA infection in Chinese population using a meta-analysis in randomized controlled trials.

METHODS:

THE FOLLOWING DATABASES WERE SEARCHED: Chinese Biomedical Literature database (CBM), Chinese Journal Full-text database (CNKI), Wanfang database, Medline database, Ovid database and Cochrane Library. Articles published from 2002 to 2013 that studied teicoplanin in comparison to vancomycin in the treatment of MRSA infected patients were collected. Overall effects, publishing bias analysis and sensitivity analysis on clinical cure rate, microbiologic eradication rate and adverse events rate were performed by using Review Manager 5.2 and Stata 11.0 softwares.

RESULTS:

Twelve articles met entry criteria. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups regarding the clinical cure rate (risk ratio [RR], teicoplanin vs vancomycin, 0.94; 95% CI, 0.74~1.19; P=0.60), microbiological cure rate (risk ratio [RR], teicoplanin vs vancomycin, 0.99; 95% CI, 0.91~1.07; P=0.74) and adverse event rate (risk ratio [RR], teicoplanin vs vancomycin, 0.86; 95% CI, 0.40~1.84; P=0.70).

CONCLUSIONS:

The meta-analysis results indicate that the two therapies are similar in both efficacy and safety, thus teicoplanin can act as an effective alternative to vancomycin for treating patients infected by MRSA.

PMID:
24260299
PMCID:
PMC3832583
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0079782
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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