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J Phys Ther Sci. 2013 May;25(5):537-8. doi: 10.1589/jpts.25.537. Epub 2013 Jun 29.

Effect of Assistive Device for Neck Retraction (ANR) on Neck Muscles during Neck Retraction Exercise.

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Department of Physical Therapy, Inje University.


[Purpose] The purpose of present study was to develop an exercise device for assisting neck retraction exercise and to investigate its effectiveness. [Subjects] Fifteen male subjects were recruited. [Methods] The subjects performed the neck retraction exercises with and without assistive device for neck retraction (ANR). EMG activities of the lower cervical erector spinae (LCE), and sternocleidomatoid (SCM) muscles were recorded. [Results] The ANR condition significantly increased LCE activation compared to the control condition. The ANR condition significantly decreased SCM activation compared to the control condition. [Conclusion] We suggest that the ANR condition will help the efficacy of the neck retraction exercise.


Electromyography; Forward head posture; Neck retraction exercise

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