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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1986 Jul 23;850(3):449-57.

The sodium cycle. I. Na+-dependent motility and modes of membrane energization in the marine alkalotolerant vibrio Alginolyticus.

Abstract

Respiration, membrane potential generation and motility of the marine alkalotolerant Vibrio alginolyticus were studied. Subbacterial vesicles competent in NADH oxidation and delta psi generation were obtained. The rate of NADH oxidation by the vesicles was stimulated by Na+ in a fashion specifically sensitive to submicromolar HQNO (2-heptyl-4-hydroxyquinoline N-oxide) concentrations. The same amounts of HQNO completely suppressed the delta psi generation. Delta psi was also inhibited by cyanide, gramicidin D and by CCCP + monensin. CCCP (carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone) added without monensin exerted a much weaker effect on delta psi. Na+ was required to couple NADH oxidation with delta psi generation. These findings are in agreement with the data of Tokuda and Unemoto on Na+-motive NADH oxidase in V. alginolyticus. Motility of V. alginolyticus cells was shown to be (i) Na+-dependent, (ii) sensitive to CCCP + monensin combination, whereas CCCP and monensin, added separately, failed to paralyze the cells, (iii) sensitive to combined treatment by HQNO, cyanide or anaerobiosis and arsenate, whereas inhibition of respiration without arsenate resulted only in a partial suppression of motility. Artificially imposed delta pNa, i.e., addition of NaCl to the K+ -loaded cells paralyzed by HQNO + arsenate, was shown to initiate motility which persisted for several minutes. Monensin completely abolished the NaCl effect. Under the same conditions, respiration-supported motility was only slightly lowered by monensin. The artificially-imposed delta pH, i.e., acidification of the medium from pH 8.6 to 6.5 failed to activate motility. It is concluded that delta mu Na+ produced by (i) the respiratory chain and (ii) an arsenate-sensitive anaerobic mechanism (presumably by glycolysis + Na+ ATPase) can be consumed by an Na+ -motor responsible for motility of V. alginolyticus.

PMID:
2425848
DOI:
10.1016/0005-2728(86)90113-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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