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Br J Sports Med. 2014 Jul;48(13):1014-8. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2013-093175. Epub 2013 Nov 19.

Selection criteria for patients with chronic ankle instability in controlled research: a position statement of the International Ankle Consortium.

Author information

1
University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio, USA.
2
School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Population Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.
3
Univerisity of Ulster, Jordanstown, Carrickfergus, UK.
4
School of Physiotherapy, University College Dublin, Dublin, UK.
5
University of Indiana, Bloomington, Indiana, USA.
6
Qatar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar.
7
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.
8
Kinesiology Program, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA.
9
Department of Physiotherapy, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
10
Department of Health, Nutrition and Exercise Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, New Jersey, USA.
11
Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA.
12
Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen Area, Netherlands.
13
Department of Physiotherapy, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
14
University of North Carolina, Charlotte, North Carolina, USA.

Abstract

While research on chronic ankle instability (CAI) and awareness of its impact on society and health care systems has grown substantially in the last 2 decades, the inconsistency in participant/patient selection criteria across studies presents a potential obstacle to addressing the problem properly. This major gap within the literature limits the ability to generalise this evidence to the target patient population. Therefore, there is a need to provide standards for patient/participant selection criteria in research focused on CAI with justifications using the best available evidence. The International Ankle Consortium provides this position paper to present and discuss an endorsed set of selection criteria for patients with CAI based on the best available evidence to be used in future research and study designs. These recommendations will enhance the validity of research conducted in this clinical population with the end goal of bringing the research evidence to the clinician and patient.

KEYWORDS:

Ankle injuries

PMID:
24255768
DOI:
10.1136/bjsports-2013-093175
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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