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Exp Ther Med. 2013 Dec;6(6):1532-1534. Epub 2013 Oct 4.

Clinical and genetic analysis in a patient with primary renal glucosuria: Identification of a novel mutation in the SLC5A2 gene.

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1
Department of Laboratory Medicine and Genetics, Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital and Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon, Gyeonggi 420-767, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

Primary renal glucosuria (PRG; OMIM #233100) is characterized by persistent glucosuria due to a reduction in the renal tubular reabsorption of glucose in the presence of a normal concentration of serum glucose and the absence of any other impairment of tubular function. The SLC5A2 gene is the causative gene, which codes for the low-affinity sodium/glucose co-transporter SGLT2. In the present study, the case of a patient with PRG associated with a novel mutation of the SLC5A2 gene is reported. The patient visited hospital for the evaluation of glucosuria in the absence of hyperglycemia, a condition that had been present for >20 years. The patient showed a fasting blood sugar level of 104 mg/dl, a 2-h postprandial sugar level of 101 mg/dl, a sodium level of 144 mmol/l, a potassium level of 3.7 mmol/l and a chloride level of 106 mmol/l in serum. Urine chemistry revealed that the amount of glucose excreted was 10.8 g/1.73 m2/24 h; however, the levels of the other parameters were unremarkable. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) sequencing analysis of the SLC5A2 gene from the patient revealed a novel 1 bp deletion mutation, which altered the coding sequence of exon 10 in the transmembrane domain (c.1162delG; Ala388ProfsX48), suggesting an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern. This study identified a novel mutation in the SLC5A2 gene related to a benign clinical characteristic and suggests that the molecular diagnosis of the SLC5A2 gene may be useful for diagnosing renal glucosuria in patients and for deciding intervention measures for their family members.

KEYWORDS:

Korea; SGLT2; SLC5A2; mutation; renal glucosuria

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