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J Forensic Dent Sci. 2013 Jul;5(2):134-7. doi: 10.4103/0975-1475.119783.

Status of forensic odontology in metro and in tier 2 city in urban India.

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1
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Maharana Pratap College of Dentistry, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Abstract

Dentist can play a significant role in identifying the victims or perpetrators of crime as well as in disasters. Knowledge about the various aspects of forensic science as well as dental and related evidences can help a dental practitioner in assisting the civil agencies in such cases.

AIM:

To evaluate the awareness and knowledge of forensic odontology among dentists in a metropolitan and a tier 2 city.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Seven hundred and seventy four dentists were included in this survey. Questionnaire was designed to assess the knowledge, aptitude, and status of practice of forensic odontology. Data was analyzed by comparing overall awareness of forensic odontology among dentists in metro and tier 2 city as well as between the different groups.

RESULTS:

Apart from the source of knowledge, no significant differences were seen in respondents of metropolitan and tier 2 city. Significantly higher proportion of subjects in metro reported journals as source of knowledge (P < 0.001), whereas it was newspaper in tier 2 city (P = 0.001). On comparing the mean scores of knowledge (k), aptitude (a), and practice (p) among different study groups, it was found that all the three scores were highest for practitioner cum academician (PA) group (k - 2.37, a - 0.69, P - 0.17). Knowledge scores were minimum for pure practitioner (PP) group (1.98), and attitude and practice scores of pure academician (A) group were minimum (a - 0.53, P - 0.06).

CONCLUSION:

Respondents had low knowledge about the applications of forensic odontology in routine practice; hence, steps must be taken to educate the dental practitioners about its clinical applications.

KEYWORDS:

Dental practitioners; forensic odontology; metropolitan city; tier 2 city

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