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Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2013 Nov;17(21):2874-83.

The effects of different types of statins on proliferation and migration of HGF-induced Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells (HUVECs).

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Department of Internal Medicine, Wuppertal Research and Medical Center, Angiology Wuppertal, Germany.



Statins are HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors within the framework of cholesterol biosynthesis and used to lower the low-density lipoprotein (LDL). There are other aspects of statins can deploy a protective effect, even without the LDL's lowering. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of different type of statins on proliferative and migrative behaviors of Hepatocyte Growth Factor (HGF) induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs).


Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were isolated and cultured. Groups were designed in order to observe the effects of every individual substance. HUVECs were stimulated with HGF, statins and farnesylpyrophosphat ammonium salt (FPP) or geranylgeranyl-pyrophosphate (GGPP), respectively. Cell proliferations were counted 48 hours after initial stimuli and distances between migration fronts were used in migration analyses.


All types of statins showed significant anti-migrative and anti-proliferative characters. Simvastatin and fluvastatin but not cerivastatin, were able to inhibit the HGF-depending migration and showed a significant effect on the inhibition of the isoprenylation (GGPP). Only simvastatin influenced the HGF-depending migration via inhibiting the isoprenylation process through GGPP. Cerivastatin significantly decreased the proliferation and Fluvastatin significantly enhanced the migration behaviors of HUVECs when they were co-incubated with methyl-8-cyclodextrin (MCD).


Statins countermand the proproliferative and as well as the promigrative effect of HGF on HUVECs. The mechanisms which provoke this effect are dependent on the type of statin. Direct interactions of statins with lipid rafts play a significant role in the endothelial cell mechanisms.

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