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J Prim Prev. 1995 Mar;15(3):247-60. doi: 10.1007/BF02197474.

A preventive intervention for enhancing resilience among highly stressed urban children.

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University of Rochester Center for Community Study, 575 Mt. Hope Avenue, 14620, Rochester, N.Y..


Describes the development and evaluation of a pilot 12-session, school-based preventive intervention designed to enhance resilience among inner-city children who have experienced major life stress. Thirty-six 4th-6th grade children participated in the intervention in groups of 5-8 co-led by school personnel. The curriculum focussed on understanding feelings in oneself and others, perspective-taking, social problem-solving, dealing with solvable and unsolvable problems, and building self-efficacy and esteem. Pre-post evaluation showed significant improvement among participants on teacher-rated indices of learning problems and task orientation and on child ratings of perceived self-efficacy, realistic control attributions and anxiety. Program limitations and factors that restrict generalization are considered and new directions for program development and research are proposed.

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