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Plant Cell Rep. 1985 Dec;4(6):337-40. doi: 10.1007/BF00269893.

Late enzymes of vindoline biosynthesis : S-Adenosyl-L-methionine: 11-O-demethyl-17-O-deacetylvindoline 11-O-methyltransferase and unspecific acetylesterase.

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Institut für Pharmazeutische Biologie, Universität München, Karlstr. 29, D-8000, München 2, FRG.


From differentiated plants of Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don we have isolated a specific enzyme of the vindoline biosynthetic pathway catalysing the S-adenosylmethionine-dependent methylation of 11-O-demethyl-17-O-deacetyl-vindoline. The enzyme we named S-adenosyl-L-methionine : 11-O-demethyl-17-O-deacetylvindoline 11-O-methyltransferase. This transferase exhibits a high substrate specificity. Obviously the O-methylation at C-11 precedes the O-acetylation at the C-17 position during the biosynthesis of vindoline.A second enzyme was detected which hydrolyses the acetyl function of vindoline. The distribution of this acetylesterase in C. roseus plants demonstrates that the enzyme is not specifically associated with the vindoline distribution in the plant material. Most probably this enzyme plays no essential role in the biosynthesis of vindoline.


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