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Planta. 1984 Nov;161(6):562-8. doi: 10.1007/BF00407090.

Sucrose transport into vacuoles isolated from barley mesophyll protoplasts.

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Lehrstuhl Botanik I der Universit├Ąt, Mittlerer Dallenbergweg 64, D-8700, W├╝rzburg, Federal Republic of Germany.


Sucrose transport has been investigated in vacuoles isolated from barley mesophyll protoplasts. Rates of sucrose transfer across the tonoplast were even higher in vitro than in vivo indicating that the sucrose transport system had not suffered damage during isolation of the vacuoles. Sucrose transport is carrier-mediated as shown by substrate saturation of transport and sensitivity to a metabolic inhibitor and to competitive substrates. A number of sugars, in particular maltose and raffinose, decreased uptake of sucrose. Sorbitol was slowly taken up but had no effect on sucrose transport. The SH-reagent p-chloromercuribenzene sulfonate inhibited sucrose uptake completely. The apparent Km of the carrier for sucrose uptake was 21 mM. Transport was neither influenced by ATP and pyrophosphate, with or without Mg(2+) present, nor by protonophores and valinomycin (with K(+) present). Apparently uptake was not energy dependent. Efflux experiments with preloaded vacuoles indicated that sucrose unloading from the isolated vavuoles is mediated by the same carrier which catalyses uptake. The vacuole of mesophyll cells appears to represent an intermediary storage compartment. Uptake of photosynthetic products into the vacuole during the light apparently minimizes osmotic swelling of the small cytosolic compartment of vacuolated leaf cells when photosynthetic productivity exceeds the capacity of the phloem for translocation of sugars.


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