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Theor Appl Genet. 1985 Aug;70(5):449-66. doi: 10.1007/BF00305977.

Mutant genes affecting higher plant meiosis.

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Department of Botany, University, Kurukshetra, 132 119, Haryana, India.


That meiosis is conditioned by a large number of genes majority of which are present in a dominant state, is evidenced by the detection of numerous monogenic recessive mutant genes which affect the premeiotic, meiotic and post-meiotic course of events. These genes are site- and stage-specific, and a few are sex specific. Of these, the most prevalent are the mutant genes affecting male meiosis and causing male sterility (ms genes) and those inhibiting synapsis and chiasma formation (synaptic genes) and leading to gametic sterility. Majority of the mutant genes affect the entire chromosomal complement but a few influence only specific chromosomes of a complement so that the chromosomes behave differentially within a genome of the same species. Some mutant genes alter chromosome form and function, others modify integrity, degree of spiralization, movement and migration of chromosomes. Their cytogenetic behaviour, genetic significance and breeding utility are described and discussed.


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