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Neurosci Res. 2014 Jan;78:16-20. doi: 10.1016/j.neures.2013.10.010. Epub 2013 Nov 16.

Multifaceted neuro-regenerative activities of human dental pulp stem cells for functional recovery after spinal cord injury.

Author information

1
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya 466-8550, Japan. Electronic address: akihito@med.nagoya-u.ac.jp.
2
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya 466-8550, Japan.

Abstract

Spinal cord injury (SCI) often leads to persistent functional deficits due to the loss of neurons and glia and to limited axonal regeneration after such injury. Recently, three independent groups have reported marked recovery of hindlimb locomotor function after the transplantation of human adult dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) and stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHEDs) into rats or mice with acute, sub-acute or chronic SCI. This review summarizes the primary characteristics of human dental pulp stem cells and their therapeutic benefits for treating SCI. Experimental data from multiple preclinical studies suggest that pulp stem cells may promote functional recovery after SCI through multifaceted neuro-regenerative activities.

KEYWORDS:

Anti-apoptosis; Anti-inflammatory; Axonal regeneration; Cell-replacement activity; Dental pulp stem cells; Spinal cord injury

PMID:
24252618
DOI:
10.1016/j.neures.2013.10.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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