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Curr Med Chem. 2014;21(6):788-821.

The antiepileptic potential of nucleosides.

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1
Department of Zoology, University of West Hungary, Savaria Campus, Szombathely, Karolyi Gaspar ter 4., 9700 Hungary. zskovacs@ttk.nyme.hu.

Abstract

Despite newly developed antiepileptic drugs to suppress epileptic symptoms, approximately one third of patients remain drug refractory. Consequently, there is an urgent need to develop more effective therapeutic approaches to treat epilepsy. A great deal of evidence suggests that endogenous nucleosides, such as adenosine (Ado), guanosine (Guo), inosine (Ino) and uridine (Urd), participate in the regulation of pathomechanisms of epilepsy. Adenosine and its analogues, together with non-adenosine (non-Ado) nucleosides (e.g., Guo, Ino and Urd), have shown antiseizure activity. Adenosine kinase (ADK) inhibitors, Ado uptake inhibitors and Ado-releasing implants also have beneficial effects on epileptic seizures. These results suggest that nucleosides and their analogues, in addition to other modulators of the nucleoside system, could provide a new opportunity for the treatment of different types of epilepsies. Therefore, the aim of this review article is to summarize our present knowledge about the nucleoside system as a promising target in the treatment of epilepsy.

PMID:
24251559
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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