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J Oral Maxillofac Pathol. 2013 May;17(2):281-7. doi: 10.4103/0973-029X.119770.

Leiomyoma: A rare tumor in the head and neck and oral cavity: Report of 3 cases with review.

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1
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Krishnadevaraya College of Dental Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Abstract

Leiomyomas are benign tumors arising from smooth muscle, most commonly seen in uterine myometrium, gastrointestinal tract, skin and lower extremities of middle-aged women. Leiomyomas are uncommon in the oral cavity with reported incidence of 0.065%, which accounts for 0.42% of all soft-tissue neoplasms in the oral cavity. Leiomyomas of head and neck region account for less than 1% of all leiomyomas. The most common site of leiomyoma in the head and neck region is the lips (27.46%) followed by tongue (18.30%), cheeks and palate (15.49%), gingiva (8.45%) and mandible (5.63%). The purpose of this article is to present three cases of leiomyoma comprising of an intraoral vascular leiomyoma and two solid leiomyomas in the head and neck region. The clinical features, etiology, differential diagnosis and treatment of leiomyoma are discussed with review of the literature.

KEYWORDS:

Angioleiomyoma; benign; ear auricle; intraoral; leiomyoma; smooth muscle; solid variant

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