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Indian J Anaesth. 2013 Sep;57(5):507-15. doi: 10.4103/0019-5049.120148.

Mapleson's Breathing Systems.

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Department of Anaesthesia, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, India.


Mapleson breathing systems are used for delivering oxygen and anaesthetic agents and to eliminate carbon dioxide during anaesthesia. They consist of different components: Fresh gas flow, reservoir bag, breathing tubes, expiratory valve, and patient connection. There are five basic types of Mapleson system: A, B, C, D and E depending upon the different arrangements of these components. Mapleson F was added later. For adults, Mapleson A is the circuit of choice for spontaneous respiration where as Mapleson D and its Bains modifications are best available circuits for controlled ventilation. For neonates and paediatric patients Mapleson E and F (Jackson Rees modification) are the best circuits. In this review article, we will discuss the structure of the circuits and functional analysis of various types of Mapleson systems and their advantages and disadvantages.


Anaesthesia breathing systems; anaesthesia circuits; bain's circuit; jackson-rees modification; magill's circuit; mapleson breathing systems

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