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Indian J Anaesth. 2013 Sep;57(5):438-45. doi: 10.4103/0019-5049.120138.

The basic anaesthesia machine.

Author information

1
Department of Anaesthesia, Mysore Medical College and Research Institute, Mysore, Karnataka, India.

Abstract

After WTG Morton's first public demonstration in 1846 of use of ether as an anaesthetic agent, for many years anaesthesiologists did not require a machine to deliver anaesthesia to the patients. After the introduction of oxygen and nitrous oxide in the form of compressed gases in cylinders, there was a necessity for mounting these cylinders on a metal frame. This stimulated many people to attempt to construct the anaesthesia machine. HEG Boyle in the year 1917 modified the Gwathmey's machine and this became popular as Boyle anaesthesia machine. Though a lot of changes have been made for the original Boyle machine still the basic structure remains the same. All the subsequent changes which have been brought are mainly to improve the safety of the patients. Knowing the details of the basic machine will make the trainee to understand the additional improvements. It is also important for every practicing anaesthesiologist to have a thorough knowledge of the basic anaesthesia machine for safe conduct of anaesthesia.

KEYWORDS:

Anaesthesia machine; basic design; boyle machine; conventional flow meter; evolution and history; yoke assembly

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