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Clin Rehabil. 2014 May;28(5):451-9. doi: 10.1177/0269215513506230. Epub 2013 Nov 18.

The effects of a physical exercise programme after radical cystectomy for urinary bladder cancer. A pilot randomized controlled trial.

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1
1Department of Physiotherapy, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Assessment of feasibility and effects of an exercise training programme in patients following cystectomy due to urinary bladder cancer.

DESIGN:

Single-blind, pilot, randomized controlled trial.

SETTING:

University hospital, Sweden.

SUBJECTS:

Eighteen patients (64-78 years), of 89 suitable, cystectomized due to urinary bladder cancer, were randomized after hospital discharge to intervention or control.

INTERVENTIONS:

The 12-week exercise programme included group exercise training twice a week and daily walks. The control group received only standardized information at discharge.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Trial eligibility and compliance to inclusion were registered. Assessments of functional capacity, balance, lower body strength and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) with SF-36.

RESULTS:

Out of 122 patients 89 were eligible, but 64 did not want to participate/were not invited. Twenty-five patients were included, but 7 dropped out before randomization. Eighteen patients were randomized to intervention or control. Thirteen patients completed the training period. The intervention group increased walking distance more than the control group, 109 m (75-177) compared to 62 m (36-119) (P = 0.013), and role physical domain in SF-36 more than the control group (P = 0.031). Ten patients were evaluated one year postoperatively. The intervention group had continued increasing walking distance, 20 m (19-36), whereas the control group had shortened the distance -15.5 m (-43 to -5) (P = 0.010).

CONCLUSIONS:

A 12-week group exercise training programme was not feasible for most cystectomy patients. However, functional capacity and the role-physical domain in HRQoL increased in the short and long term for patients in the intervention group compared with controls.

KEYWORDS:

Urinary bladder cancer; exercise; radical cystectomy

PMID:
24249842
DOI:
10.1177/0269215513506230
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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