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Curr Opin Urol. 2014 Jan;24(1):10-4. doi: 10.1097/MOU.0000000000000004.

Associations of obesity, physical activity and diet with benign prostatic hyperplasia and lower urinary tract symptoms.

Author information

1
aDepartment of Urology, UC San Diego Health System, San Diego bDivision of Urologic Oncology, UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center, La Jolla cSection of Surgery, VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, California, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

Epidemiological and clinical data indicate that modifiable lifestyle factors - including obesity, physical activity, and diet - significantly influence the risks of symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS).

RECENT FINDINGS:

Modifiable factors associated with significantly increased risks of symptomatic BPH and LUTS include obesity and consumption of meat and fat. Factors associated with decreased risks include increased physical activity, vegetable consumption, and moderate alcohol intake. Obesity potentially attenuates the clinical efficacy of 5α-reductase inhibitors (5-ARI). Randomized clinical trials of lifestyle alterations - such as weight loss, exercise, and diet - for the prevention or treatment of BPH and LUTS have yet to be performed.

SUMMARY:

Obesity, physical activity, and diet substantially alter the risks of symptomatic BPH and LUTS. 5-ARIs exhibit diminished efficacy in obese patients. Although clinical trials of lifestyle modifications have yet to be undertaken, it is reasonable to promote weight loss, exercise, and healthy diet within the context of standard treatments for symptomatic BPH and LUTS.

PMID:
24247174
DOI:
10.1097/MOU.0000000000000004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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