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Phytochemistry. 2014 Jan;97:38-45. doi: 10.1016/j.phytochem.2013.10.015. Epub 2013 Nov 15.

Composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils from the Phebalium squamulosum species complex (Rutaceae) in New South Wales, Australia.

Author information

1
Pharmaceuticals and Nutraceuticals Group (School of Science and Technology), University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia. Electronic address: nsadgrov@une.edu.au.
2
Botany, School of Environmental and Rural Science and N.C.W. Beadle Herbarium, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia.
3
Pharmaceuticals and Nutraceuticals Group (School of Science and Technology), University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia.
4
Pharmaceuticals and Nutraceuticals Group (School of Science and Technology), University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia. Electronic address: gjones2@une.edu.au.

Abstract

Essential oils have been hydrodistilled and characterized from 21 populations of taxa currently assigned to the endemic Australian species Phebalium squamulosum (Rutaceae: Boronieae) using GC-MS, NMR and quantified using GC-FID. Essential oils were further examined using principle component analysis to distinguish chemotypes, then screened for antimicrobial activity using broth dilution and TLC-bioautography. Collections of subspecies of P. squamulosum, namely subsp. coriaceum, subsp. gracile, subsp. lineare, subsp. squamulosum, subsp. ozothamnoides and subsp. verrucosum, were made from the wild and one from a cultivated plant of known provenance within New South Wales. Results demonstrated considerable intra- and interspecific essential oil component variation, suggesting the existence of distinct chemotypes and supporting previously observed segregate species based on morphological evidence. Antimicrobial testing revealed moderate to high activity for all essential oils dominated by sesquiterpene alcohols; elemol and eudesmol isomers. Conversely, very low antimicrobial activity was observed from essential oils dominated by monoterpenes. This study constitutes the most exhaustive investigation of essential oils from P. squamulosum subspecies to date and provides the first report of antimicrobial activity.

KEYWORDS:

Bioactivity; Chemotaxonomy; Monoterpenes; Sesquiterpenes

PMID:
24246755
DOI:
10.1016/j.phytochem.2013.10.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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