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Ophthalmologica. 2014;231(1):45-50. doi: 10.1159/000355324. Epub 2013 Nov 12.

Natural course and surgical management of high myopic foveoschisis.

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Institut Català de Retina (ICR), Barcelona, Spain.



To describe the spectral-domain optical coherence tomographic characteristics, natural course and surgical management for eyes with myopic foveoschisis.


The medical records of 39 consecutive patients (56 eyes) with myopic foveoschisis were retrospectively reviewed. Pars plana vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling and Brilliant Blue G staining was performed on 16 symptomatic eyes (14 patients).


Optical coherence tomography at baseline showed an isolated foveoschisis in 62.5%, foveal detachment in 21.4%, and a lamellar hole in 16.1% of the eyes. After a mean follow-up period of 15.7 months, 1.8% of the eyes developed a full-thickness macular hole and 28.5% of the eyes required surgery. The mean preoperative visual acuity (VA) was 20/63 and the mean central retinal thickness (CRT) was 507.6 µm. The mean postoperative VA was 20/40 and the mean CRT 282.9 µm. Anatomical success was achieved in 75% of the eyes at a mean of 3.3 months after surgery, and 81.2% of the eyes had an improvement of 2 lines of VA.


Myopic foveoschisis remained stable in most eyes; however, 28.5% of the eyes had decreases in VA secondary to progression of the foveoschisis and required surgery.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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