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An Pediatr (Barc). 2014 Aug;81(2):69-76. doi: 10.1016/j.anpedi.2013.10.022. Epub 2013 Nov 15.

[Imported infectious diseases in tertiary hospital].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Unitat de Patologia Infecciosa i Immunodeficiències de Pediatria, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Institut de Recerca Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, España.
2
Unitat de Patologia Infecciosa i Immunodeficiències de Pediatria, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Institut de Recerca Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, España. Electronic address: andmarti@vhebron.net.
3
Servei de Medicina Preventiva, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Institut de Recerca Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, España.
4
Servei de Microbiologia, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Institut de Recerca Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, España.
5
Servei de Farmàcia. Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Institut de Recerca Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, España.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

An Imported Diseases Clinic was created in the hospital in 2009. The aim of this study was to asses its contribution in terms of capacity, quality of care and teaching offered.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

A retrospective study was conducted from 2009 to 2011, analyzing: A) development of knowledge by means of protocols and publications created, and subject taught; B) capacity and quality of care offered by the analysis of patients seen, the adequacy of the protocols and accessibility. The patients were classified into 3 groups. Group 1: immigrant patient screening, group 2: patient consultation after tropical or sub-tropical travel, group 3: screening of vertical transmission of imported disease.

RESULTS:

Six protocols have been developed and disseminated on the unit website, as well as 5 scientific publications. A total of 316 patients were evaluated: 191 included in group 1 (29 Adopted and 162 Immigrants), 57 in group 2 (94.7% Visiting Friends and Relatives and 81.5% without a pre-travel consultation). They consulted due to, gastrointestinal symptoms (52.6%) and fever (43.8%), with 68 included in group 3 at risk of imported disease by vertical transmission (62 Trypanosoma cruzi, 1 Human T Lymphotropic Virus and 5 Plasmodium spp.). The overall adherence to the protocols was about 77.1%.

DISCUSSION:

Infectious Diseases Units must adapt to the reality of the population and be flexible in its structure. Periodic assessment of the quality of care offered is essential, as well as an evaluation on the need for additional studies.

KEYWORDS:

Enfermedades infecciosas de transmisión vertical; Enfermedades tropicales; Immigrants; Inmigrantes; Neglected diseases; Travel; Vertical infectious diseases transmission; Viaje

PMID:
24246235
DOI:
10.1016/j.anpedi.2013.10.022
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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