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Biochemistry. 1986 Jun 17;25(12):3527-32.

Characteristic ribonucleolytic activity of human angiogenin.

Erratum in

  • Biochemistry 1986 Oct 21;25(21):6730.


Angiogenin, a blood vessel inducing protein isolated from a human tumor cell line, has been found to exhibit ribonucleolytic activity. It catalyzes the cleavage of both 28S and 18S ribosomal RNA as determined by agarose gel electrophoresis. The major products formed with these substrates are 100-500 nucleotides in length. In contrast, angiogenin is inactive toward all of the more conventional substrates of the homologous pancreatic ribonucleases. In particular, it does not produce detectable amounts of acid-soluble fragments from high molecular weight wheat germ RNA, poly(C), or poly(U), nor does it hydrolyze cytidine or uridine cyclic 2',3'-phosphate. The high degree of sequence homology between angiogenin and the pancreatic ribonucleases, which includes all three catalytic residues, His-12, Lys-41, and His-119, has thus identified the chemical nature of a potential angiogenin substrate. These results may bear importantly on the physiological function of angiogenin.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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