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Toxicon. 1986;24(4):403-11.

Staphylococcal alpha-toxin: a structure-function study using a monoclonal antibody.


A monoclonal antibody (A-Tox-653.1) selected for its reactivity in a dot immunoblot assay with denatured staphylococcal alpha-toxin has been isolated and its capacity to block the hemolytic and lethal activities of alpha-toxin measured. In addition, 'reactivity with monomer, hexamer, 125I-monoiodinated and CNBr peptides of alpha-toxin was studied. In all cases the reactions of the monoclonal antibody were compared to those obtained with anti-alpha-toxin rabbit hyperimmune serum. We find that while both the monoclonal antibody and the rabbit antiserum react with all forms of alpha-toxin, only the rabbit antiserum blocks hemolytic or lethal activity. Further, the rabbit antiserum reacts with CNBr fragments IV, V ad VII, whereas the monoclonal antibody reacts only with the carboxy terminal CNBr peptide VII. We conclude that, in solution, the carboxy terminal segment of alpha-toxin is relatively free and reaction with the monoclonal antibody neither impedes its binding to the specific receptor on the membrane nor interferes with formation of the hexamer complex.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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