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Theor Appl Genet. 1987 Apr;73(6):821-6. doi: 10.1007/BF00289385.

Chondriome analysis in sexual progenies of Nicotiana cybrids.

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Department of Plant Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, 76100, Rehovot, Israel.


We studied the chondriomes (the mitochondrial genomes) of sexual-progeny plants derived from eleven Nicotiana cybrids which resulted from donor-recipient protoplast fusions. The recipients were either N. tabacum or N. sylvestris and the donor (of the cytoplasm) was N. bigelovii. The chondriomes were characterized by the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) restriction-patterns. The differences in mtDNA restriction patterns were revealed after Sal I digestions and probing the respective Southern-blots with three mtDNA fragments. The hybridization patterns of mtDNAs from 35 second-generation plants (i.e. the sexual progeny derived from the cybrid plants) indicated only minor variations between plants derived from the same cybrid but pronounced variations among sibs derived from different cybrids. The mtDNA of 32 second-generation plants varied from both original fusion partners but the mtDNA of one (male-sterile) plant was apparently identical with the mtDNA of one of the original donor (N. bigelovii) and the mtDNA of two other (male-fertile) plants was apparently identical to the mtDNA of an original recipient (N. sylvestris). Generally, the mtDNAs of male-fertile, second-generation plants were similar to the mtDNAs of the original recipients while the mtDNAs of the male-sterile second-generation plants were similar to the mtDNA of the donor (N. begelovii). The analyses of mtDNAs from the thirdgeneration plants indicated stabilization of the chondriomes; no variations were detected between the mtDNAs of plants derived from a given second-generation plant.


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