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Intern Med. 2013;52(22):2553-9.

EBUS-TBNA-related complications in a patient with tuberculous lymphadenopathy.

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Department of Chest Surgery, Toho University Omori Medical Center, Japan.


Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is becoming more common for diagnosing intrathoracic lymphadenopathy, including tuberculous lymphadenopathy. We herein report two cases of complications possibly related to EBUS-TBNA for tuberculous lymphadenopathy. The first patient was a 26-year-old woman who developed intrabronchial polypoid granulomas exclusively at puncture sites two months after undergoing EBUS-TBNA. Although endobronchial extension may occur, the risk of aggravation caused by puncture should be considered. The second patient was a 39-year-old woman with transient smear-positive bloody sputum that developed immediately after EBUS-TBNA and persisted for three days. Temporary isolation following EBUS-TBNA should be considered for possible tuberculous lymphadenopathy.

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