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J Cell Mol Med. 2014 Aug;18(8):1491-508. doi: 10.1111/jcmm.12164. Epub 2013 Nov 17.

A systems biology view of blood vessel growth and remodelling.

Author information

1
Institute for Computational Medicine and Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Abstract

Blood travels throughout the body in an extensive network of vessels - arteries, veins and capillaries. This vascular network is not static, but instead dynamically remodels in response to stimuli from cells in the nearby tissue. In particular, the smallest vessels - arterioles, venules and capillaries - can be extended, expanded or pruned, in response to exercise, ischaemic events, pharmacological interventions, or other physiological and pathophysiological events. In this review, we describe the multi-step morphogenic process of angiogenesis - the sprouting of new blood vessels - and the stability of vascular networks in vivo. In particular, we review the known interactions between endothelial cells and the various blood cells and plasma components they convey. We describe progress that has been made in applying computational modelling, quantitative biology and high-throughput experimentation to the angiogenesis process.

KEYWORDS:

angiogenesis; computational model; mathematical model; multi-scale modelling; systems biology

PMID:
24237862
PMCID:
PMC4190897
DOI:
10.1111/jcmm.12164
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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