Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
ScientificWorldJournal. 2013 Oct 21;2013:169825. doi: 10.1155/2013/169825. eCollection 2013.

Association of blood pressure and hypertension with alcohol consumption in HIV-infected white and nonwhite patients.

Author information

1
Postgraduate Program in Cardiology, School of Medicine, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, R. Ramiro Barcelos 2600, 90035-003 Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil ; Hospital Sanatório Partenon, Health State Department of Rio Grande do Sul 3722, Avenida Bento Gonçalves, 90650-001 Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Although alcohol abuse is associated with hypertension in whites and nonwhites, it has been scarcely investigated in HIV-infected patients.

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate whether the association of alcohol abuse with hypertension is influenced by skin color in HIV-infected individuals.

METHODS:

Cross-sectional study in HIV-infected individuals aged 18 years or older. Demographic characteristics, lifestyle, and HIV infection were investigated. Alcohol abuse was defined as ≥ 15 (women) and ≥ 30 g/alcohol/day (men), and binge drinking by the intake of ≥ 5 drinks on a single occasion. Hypertension was defined by blood pressure ≥ 140/90 mmHg or use of blood pressure-lowering agents.

RESULTS:

We studied 1,240 individuals, with 39.1 ± 10 years, 51% males and 57% whites. Age and body mass index were associated with blood pressure, and there was an independent association of alcohol abuse with hypertension in whites (RR = 1.9, 95% CI 1.1-3.3) and nonwhites (RR = 2.4, 95% CI 1.4 to 4.0). Among nonwhite individuals who were alcohol abusers, systolic (9.3 ± 3.2; P = 0.001) and diastolic blood pressures (6.4 ± 2.1; P = 0.008) were higher than in nonabusers.

CONCLUSION:

Alcohol abuse is a risk factor for hypertension in white and nonwhite HIV-infected individuals. The association of ethanol consumption with blood pressure is not explained by AIDS-related conditions.

PMID:
24235878
PMCID:
PMC3818924
DOI:
10.1155/2013/169825
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Hindawi Publishing Corporation Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center