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J Natl Cancer Inst. 2013 Dec 4;105(23):1789-98. doi: 10.1093/jnci/djt298. Epub 2013 Nov 14.

Predictive and prognostic analysis of PIK3CA mutation in stage III colon cancer intergroup trial.

Author information

1
Affiliations of authors: Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (SO, XL, YI, MY, NJM, KN, RJM, JAM, CSF); Department of Pathology (SO), Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine (DS, CSF), and Department of Surgery (MMB), Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (SO); Department of Epidemiology (SO, DS) and Department of Biostatistics (DS) , Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA; Alliance Statistics and Data Center, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (DN); Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (LBS); Hôpital du Sacré-Coeur de Montréal, Montreal, Canada (RW); Loyola University Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, IL (AH); current: Edward Cancer Center, Naperville, IL (AH); Northwestern University, Chicago, IL (ABB); Toledo Community Hospital Oncology Program, Toledo, OH (RBM); Division of Medical Oncology, The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, Columbus, OH (RMG).

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Somatic mutations in PIK3CA (phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphonate 3-kinase [PI3K], catalytic subunit alpha gene) activate the PI3K-AKT signaling pathway and contribute to pathogenesis of various malignancies, including colorectal cancer.

METHODS:

We examined associations of PIK3CA oncogene mutation with relapse, survival, and treatment efficacy in 627 stage III colon carcinoma case subjects within a randomized adjuvant chemotherapy trial (5-fluorouracil and leucovorin [FU/LV] vs irinotecan [CPT11], fluorouracil and leucovorin [IFL]; Cancer and Leukemia Group B 89803 [Alliance]). We detected PIK3CA mutation in exons 9 and 20 by polymerase chain reaction and pyrosequencing. Cox proportional hazards model was used to assess prognostic and predictive role of PIK3CA mutation, adjusting for clinical features and status of routine standard molecular pathology features, including KRAS and BRAF mutations and microsatellite instability (mismatch repair deficiency). All statistical tests were two-sided.

RESULTS:

Compared with PIK3CA wild-type cases, overall status of PIK3CA mutation positivity or the presence of PIK3CA mutation in either exon 9 or 20 alone was not statistically significantly associated with recurrence-free, disease-free, or overall survival (log-rank P > .70; P > .40 in multivariable regression models). There was no statistically significant interaction between PIK3CA and KRAS (or BRAF) mutation status in survival analysis (P(interaction) > .18). PIK3CA mutation status did not appear to predict better or worse response to IFL therapy compared with FU/LV therapy (P(interaction) > .16).

CONCLUSIONS:

Overall tumor PIK3CA mutation status is not associated with stage III colon cancer prognosis. PIK3CA mutation does not appear to serve as a predictive tumor molecular biomarker for response to irinotecan-based adjuvant chemotherapy.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00003835.

PMID:
24231454
PMCID:
PMC3848984
DOI:
10.1093/jnci/djt298
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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