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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1986 Jun 19;882(2):168-76.

Superactivity of human phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate synthetase due to altered regulation by nucleotide inhibitors and inorganic phosphate.

Abstract

Phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate (PPRibP) synthetase activity was studied in cultured fibroblasts and lymphoblasts from a male child (patient 2-A) in whom inherited purine nucleotide and uric acid overproduction are accompanied by neurological deficits. Chromatographed or partially purified preparations of the child's enzyme showed 5-6-fold increased inhibitory constants (I0.5) for the noncompetitive inhibitors GDP and 6-methylthioinosine monophosphate but normal responsiveness to the competitive inhibitors ADP and 2,3-diphosphoglycerate. Activation of the PPRibP synthetase of patient 2-A by Pi was also abnormal with 3-4-fold reduced apparent KD values for Pi. Superactivity of the PPRibP synthetase of this child thus appeared to result from a combination of regulatory defects; selective resistance to noncompetitive inhibitors and increased responsiveness to Pi activation. Selective growth of the patient's fibroblasts in medium containing 6-methylthioinosine confirmed the functional significance of the in vitro inhibitor resistance of the aberrant enzyme. Fibroblasts and lymphoblasts derived from patient 2-A showed increased concentrations and rates of generation of PPRibP as well as increased rates of the pathways of purine base salvage and purine nucleotide synthesis de novo. The magnitudes of these increases in the child's cells exceeded those in cells with catalytically superactive PPRibP synthetases. These alterations as well as the in vitro kinetic abnormalities in the patient 2-A enzyme were expressed to a reduced degree in fibroblasts from the child's affected mother, supporting the proposal that this woman is a heterozygous carrier for X-linked enzyme superactivity.

PMID:
2423135
DOI:
10.1016/0304-4165(86)90151-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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