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Gynecol Oncol. 2014 Jan;132(1):98-101. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2013.11.004. Epub 2013 Nov 11.

Comparison of robotic-assisted vs conventional laparoscopy for extraperitoneal paraaortic lymphadenectomy.

Author information

1
Unit of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital Materno-Infantil Vall d'Hebron, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
2
Service of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, General Hospital Vall d'Hebron, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
3
Department of Gynecology, Mayo Clinic in Arizona, USA.
4
Unit of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital Materno-Infantil Vall d'Hebron, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: antonioimma@yahoo.es.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the perioperative outcomes of robotic-assisted extraperitoneal paraaortic lymphadenectomy for locally advanced cervical cancer and to compare to a previous series of patients from our institution undergoing the same procedure by conventional laparoscopy.

METHODS:

17 patients with locally advanced cervical cancer (FIGO stages IB2, IIA2 and IIB-IVA) underwent pretherapeutic extraperitoneal paraaortic lymphadenectomy by robotic-assisted laparoscopy. Perioperative outcomes including age, BMI, FIGO stage, operating time, blood loss, complications and length of hospital stay were compared to a series of 83 patients from our institution undergoing the same procedure by conventional laparoscopy.

RESULTS:

The median values for operating time and hospital days for the robotic-assisted and conventional laparoscopy groups were 150 vs. 150 min and 2 vs 2 days, respectively. In the robotic group, blood loss was lower (90 vs 20 ml, p<0.05) and more aortic nodes were removed (14 vs 17 nodes, p<0.05). Docking time was 7 min (range 3-15). There were no intraoperative complications. There were no differences for postoperative complications (17.6% vs 8.4%).

CONCLUSION:

Robotic-assisted and conventional laparoscopy provide similar perioperative outcomes other than lower blood loss and higher number of aortic nodes removed (both without clinical impact) in robotic patients for the performance of extraperitoneal paraaortic lymphadenectomy in patients with locally advanced cervical cancer. We believe that robotic surgery is an additional tool to perform the same surgical procedure.

HIGHLIGHTS:

Robotic-assisted and conventional laparoscopic extraperitoneal paraaortic lymphadenectomy provide similar perioperative outcomes.

KEYWORDS:

Cervical cancer; Extraperitoneal paraaortic lymphadenectomy; Robotic-assisted laparoscopy

PMID:
24231134
DOI:
10.1016/j.ygyno.2013.11.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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