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Am J Public Health. 2014 Oct;104(10):1920-7. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2013.301438. Epub 2013 Nov 14.

Home renovation, family history of atopy, and respiratory symptoms and asthma among children living in China.

Author information

1
Guang-Hui Dong, Miao-Miao Liu, and Da Wang are with the Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, China Medical University, Shenyang, China. Zhengmin (Min) Qian, Edwin Trevathan, and Maayan Simckes are with the Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, St. Louis University, St. Louis, MO. Jing Wang is with the Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, St. Louis University. Wan-Hui Ren is with the Department of Ambient Air Pollution Monitoring, Shenyang Environmental Monitoring Center, Shenyang, China. Weiqing Chen is with the Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China. Alan Zelicoff is with the Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, School of Public Health, St. Louis University.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To investigate the association of indoor air pollution with the respiratory health of children, we evaluated the associations of children's respiratory symptoms with asthma and recent home renovation.

METHODS:

We conducted a cross-sectional survey in a school recruitment sample of 31,049 children aged 2 to 14 years in 25 districts of 7 cities of northeast China in 2008-2009. The children's parents completed standardized questionnaires characterizing the children's histories of respiratory symptoms and illness, recent home renovation information, and other associated risk factors.

RESULTS:

The effects of home renovation in the past 2 years were significantly associated with cough, phlegm, current wheeze, doctor-diagnosed asthma, and current asthma. The associations we computed when combining the status of home renovation and family history of atopy were higher than were those predicted from the combination of the separate effects. However, the interactions between home renovation and family history of atopy on a multiplicative scale were not statistically significant (P>.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Home renovation is associated with increases in the prevalence of respiratory symptoms and asthma in children. The effects of different renovation materials on child respiratory health should be studied further.

PMID:
24228648
PMCID:
PMC4167110
DOI:
10.2105/AJPH.2013.301438
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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