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Planta. 1987 Dec;172(4):494-501. doi: 10.1007/BF00393865.

Peroxidase-mediated integration of tyramine into xylem cell walls of tobacco leaves.

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Laboratoire de physiopathologie végétale, INRA BV 1540, 21034, F-Dijon, France.


When [2-(14)C]tyramine was fed in vivo by petiolar uptake to Nicotiana tabacum Xanthi n.c. leaves partially inoculated with tobacco mosaic virus, radioactivity accumulated in inoculated areas bearing necrotic lesions, mainly in the veins and around the lesions. Light-microscopic autoradiography showed that integration of radioactivity was especially evident in xylem cell walls. This was confirmed in sections of petiole by electron-microscopic autoradiography. Study of the mechanism of insolubilisation of tyramine showed that the amine was integrated in regions in which peroxidase activity could be located cytochemically using 3,3'-diaminobenzidine and H2O2 as substrates. When sections of petiole were incubated with labelled tyramine and H2O2 after fixation in glutaraldehyde, a distribution of radioactivity similar to that obtained after feeding tyramine by petiolar uptake was observed. It is concluded that simple phenols such as tyramine can be integrated in vivo into cell walls because they are oxidised by peroxidases. This result illustrates the difficulty of studying the metabolism of exogenous phenols in plants, especially in lignifying tissues which contain active wall-bound peroxidases.


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