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Biomed J. 2013 Sep-Oct;36(5):229-36. doi: 10.4103/2319-4170.113375.

Cisplatin, tegafur-uracil and leucovorin plus mitomycin C: an acceptably effective and toxic regimen for patients with recurrent or metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

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Division of Hematology Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan.



This prospective phase II clinical trial evaluated the efficacy and toxicity of cisplatin, oral tegafur-uracil, leucovorin, and mitomycin C in patients with recurrent or metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma.


Patients with histologically proven non-keratinizing or undifferentiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma were prospectively enrolled from April 2002 to June 2005. Cisplatin 50 mg/m(2) on day 1, 22 and mitomycin C 6 mg/m(2) on day 1 were administered. Oral tegafur-uracil 300 mg/m(2)/day and oral leucovorin 60 mg/day were given on day 1-14 and day 22-35, respectively. Each cycle was repeated every 6 weeks. Primary and secondary endpoints are response rate and toxic profiles with survivals, respectively.


Twenty-two patients with the median age of 47 (35-69) years were enrolled in the study. Sixteen (72.7%) patients had undifferentiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma. The regimen was well-tolerated by all patients with the exception of one patient (4.6%) who experienced grade IV anorexia, and two patients (9.1%) who had grade IV vomiting. There was no treatment-related death. The overall response rate was 59.1%, including 3 (13.6%) complete remissions. The median duration of response was 15.9 months, the median time to tumor progression was 10.0 months, and the median overall survival was 16.0 months.


This outpatient chemotherapy regimen is acceptably effective and toxic among patients with recurrent or metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

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