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Anesth Pain Med. 2013 Summer;3(1):214-8. doi: 10.5812/aapm.9880. Epub 2013 Jul 1.

Intravenous paracetamol for postoperative analgesia in laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

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1
Department of Anesthesiology, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although opioids are the main choice for acute postoperative pain control, many side effects have been reported for them. NSAIDs and paracetamol have been used extensively as alternatives, and it seems that they are more effective for minor to moderate pain control postoperatively when have been used alone or in combination with opioids. As laparoscopic cholecystectomy poses moderate pain postoperatively, this study was planned to assess whether paracetamol is able to provide effective analgesia as a sole analgesic at least in the first few hours post operatively.

OBJECTIVES:

We evaluated the effect of intravenous Paracetamol on postoperative pain in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

This is a randomized double- blind clinical trial study. 30 patients ASA class I, aged 18 to 50 years, candidate for laparoscopic cholecystectomy were recruited, and randomly divided into two equal groups. Group A (paracetamol group) received 1 gr paracetamol and group B received placebo ten minutes after the induction of anesthesia. 0.1 mg/Kg Morphine was administered intravenously based on patients compliant and pain score >3. Pain score and the opioids consumption were recorded in the first six hours postoperative. Patient's pain was measured by the VAS (Visual Analog Scale).

RESULTS:

The pain score was lower in group A (P= 0.01), but the morphine consumption showed no significant difference between the groups (P= 0.24) during the first 6 hours postoperatively.

CONCLUSIONS:

Although paracetamol (1gr) has caused a better pain relief quality but it is not a suitable analgesic for moderate pain control in acute phase after surgery alone.

KEYWORDS:

Acetaminophen; Analgesics, Opioid; Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic; Pain

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