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Prenat Diagn. 2014 Feb;34(2):185-91. doi: 10.1002/pd.4278. Epub 2013 Dec 12.

Diagnostic accuracy of random massively parallel sequencing for non-invasive prenatal detection of common autosomal aneuploidies: a collaborative study in Europe.

Author information

1
Zentrum für Pränataldiagnostik und Humangenetik, Berlin, Germany.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of this study is to validate the diagnostic accuracy of a non-invasive prenatal test for detecting trisomies 13, 18, and 21 for a population in Germany and Switzerland.

METHODS:

Random massively parallel sequencing was applied using Illumina sequencing platform HiSeq2000. Fetal aneuploidies were identified using a median absolute deviation based z-score equation. A bioinformatics algorithm based on guanine-cytosine normalization was applied after the data were unblinded. Results of massively parallel sequencing and invasive procedures were compared.

RESULTS:

Overall, 40/42 samples were correctly classified as trisomy 21-positive, including a translocation trisomy 21 [46,XY,der(13;21),+21] and a structural aberration of chromosome 21 [46,XX,rec(21)dup(21q)inv(21)(p12q21.1)] but not including a low percentage mosaic trisomy 21 [47,XY,+21/46,XY], [sensitivity: 95.2%; one-sided lower confidence limit: 85.8%]; 430/430 samples were correctly classified as trisomy 21-negative (specificity: 100%; one-sided lower CL: 99.3%). Using a new bioinformatics algorithm with guanine-cytosine normalization, detection of trisomy 21 was facilitated, and five of five trisomy 13 cases and eight of eight trisomy 18 cases were correctly identified.

CONCLUSION:

Our newly established non-invasive prenatal test allows detection of fetal trisomies 13, 18, and 21 with high accuracy in a population in Germany and Switzerland.

PMID:
24222400
DOI:
10.1002/pd.4278
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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