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Plant Cell Rep. 1991 Feb;9(10):559-62. doi: 10.1007/BF00232331.

High efficiency plant regeneration from cotyledons of watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris Schrad).

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Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, National University of Singapore, 10 Kent Ridge Crescent, 0511, Singapore, Republic of Singapore.


Cotyledons of various ages from seedlings of eight watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris) cultivars were cultured on MS medium supplemented with different combinations of phytohormones. High frequency shoot regeneration (60.0-92.0%) was induced from 5-day-old cotyledons of cultivars cultured on MS medium containing 5.0 mg/l 6-benzylaminopurine (BA) and 0.5 mg/l indole-3-acetic acid (IAA). Multiple shoot buds elongated on MS medium containing 0.2 mg/l kinetin (KT) and 5-10 shoots per expiant could be recovered depending on the cultivars. Elongated shoots rooted on MS medium with 0.1 mg/l α-naphthalene acetic acid (NAA). Zeatin riboside (ZT) had a similar efficiency as BA in shoot induction, and it was significantly more functional than 2-isopentenyladenine (2iP) or kinetin (KT). Cotyledons from 5-day-old seedlings were the most responsive to shoot induction.


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